Health and livelihoods group 

The Health and Livelihoods Group utilizes a One Health approach to study a range of issues at the interface of human and animal health and livelihoods

Dr Clare Phythian is a specialist sheep veterinarian currently working in south west Norway with local veterinarians and farmers in all aspects of flock health, welfare and production. Previously she has worked full-time as a sheep veterinarian in the UK and was responsible for the delivery of veterinary advice on sheep health, welfare and production on a flock health project across south west England. After several years working in practice, she completed a PhD in sheep health and welfare and later undertook a clinical residency in flock health and production. She is a diplomat of the European college of small ruminant health management and combines clinical work and producer extension activities with field research into sheep health and welfare. She is also involved in veterinary teaching and the delivery of diagnostic pathology services as an associate professor in flock medicine and veterinary public health at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU). Her broad and applied research interests include the epidemiology of infectious diseases of small ruminants, knowledge-exchange and community participatory approaches, and veterinary public health issues including on-farm antimicrobial usage.

Dr Amare Argaw is currently an Animal Health Researcher and Livestock Research Process Owner in the Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Awassa Agricultural Research Center. Dr Amare graduated with a DVM from Addis Ababa in 2002. Since graduation he has worked in a number of different roles including: Field Veterinarian, Head of Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development Office (Boricha District, Sidama Zone) and as an Animal Health Instructor for the Ministry of Agriculture, Alage ATVET College. Dr Amare has also served as a member of Sidama Zone Administration Council and Secretary of Economic Affairs Committee of the Council. Currently, Dr Amare is a Masters Student of Tropical Veterinary Epidemiology at the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University. Dr Amare's research project focused on understanding the knowledge, attitudes and behavioral practices of antimicrobial usage and antimicrobial resistance amongst people in rural central Ethiopia.



The HEAL Group members study a range of issues focused on the interface of health and livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa:


Dr Ziyad Dessalegn graduated with a DVM from Addis Ababa University in 2007 and joined Alage ATVET College in 2008. Dr Ziyad is currently a Lecturer in the Animal Health Department in the College and studying for his MSc in the Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Immunology and Public Helath at Addis Ababa University. Dr Ziyad's research project focused on understanding the knowledge, attitudes and behavioral practices of individuals to Neglected Zoonotic Diseases (NZDS) In urban central Ethiopia.

Grant Swigart is a third year undergraduate student at North Carolina State University studying Economics, Mathematics, and Statistics. Grant recently completed an internship with Healthlink International, a medical device logistic firm. During his internship he created company revenue models, used web scraping and keyword matching algorithms to perform entity classification, and analyzed sales data to develop market strategy. Grant previously served as the President of the NC State Economics Society and helped to stimulate interest in all areas of economics and to create a forum in which to discuss economic issues. His research interests include public health economics and bio statistics.   

Dr Mulugeta Tesfaye graduated from Haramaya University with a DVM and currently works at Alage ATVET College in the Animal Health Department as an Instructor. Dr Mulugeta is now studying for his MSc in Veterinary Tropical Epidemiology at Addis Ababa University. Dr Mulugeta completed his degree thesis on herbal medicine (Antibacterial activity of Combratum molle extracts against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus agalactecea​). Dr Mulugeta's research project focused on understanding the knowledge, attitudes and behavioral practices of antimicrobial usage and antimicrobial resistance amongst people in urban central Ethiopia. 

Stephanie Lola is a current second year undergraduate student at North Carolina State University studying Microbiology with a concentration in Microbial Health Sciences, with a minor in English. She is a member of the University Honors Program at NC State, and works with the Life Science First Year Program in the College of Sciences. She has previously conducted and presented synthesis research on the health effects of Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries, and has participated in microbial research on the muscle cells of mice. Stephanie is also a member of the Timmy Global Health Club on campus, and she will be traveling to Ecuador in March to work with Timmy Global Health to assist in providing healthcare to the people of the Napo province. Stephanie’s research interests include epidemiology and a holistic approach to global health.

Dr Wudu Temesgen Jemberu is an Associate Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology and Animal Health Economics at the College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, University of Gondar. Dr Jemberu studied his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Masters of Science in Veterinary Epidemiology at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, and PhD in Animal Health Economics at Wageningen University. His PhD research focused on the bioeconomic modeling of foot and mouth disease and its control in Ethiopia. Dr Jemberu has been teaching undergraduate and post graduate courses at the University of Gondar for more than 10 years and has published more than 15 scientific articles in reputable peer reviewed journals. He has also served as Department Head for several years and as Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine and Animals Sciences for two years. Dr Jemberu’s research interest focuses on the impact of animal health and production on society, animal welfare and the environment.

Macayla Wall is currently a senior undergraduate student studying Biological Sciences with a concentration in Human Biology, along with a minor in Nutrition and a second minor in Health, Medicine, and Human Values. She is the Co-Founder of CURE U at NC State, a non-profit organization that focuses on fundraising money for pediatric hydrocephalus, club foot, cleft lip/palate, and burn contracure surgeries at the Beit CURE Hospital in Malawi, Africa. She is also a University Ambassador, a member of the Pre-Med Club, a member of the Pre-Med Honor Society Alpha Epsilon Delta, and a certified Pediatric CNA. Macayla has previously studied abroad in Belize, working with other students from NC State to set up medical clinics in rural villages to bring healthcare to those in need. Macayla's research interests include the human response to global health issues based on varying cultures and knowledge, along with antimicrobial resistance and infectious diseases.  


Dr Fufa Abunna Kurra is an Associate Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology in the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University and a Co-Investigator in the HEAL Group. Dr Abunna graduated from Addis Ababa University with a Master of Science (MSc) in Tropical Veterinary Epidemiology (2004-2006) and a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) (1994-1999). As an academic and researcher, he has taught in Addis Ababa and Hawassa Universities in Ethiopia. Dr Abunna has advised 1 PhD student, 13 MSc students and 44 DVM students during their thesis and seminar work at Addis Ababa and Hawassa Universities. He is an author and co-author of more than 45 scientific articles in peer reviewed journals. Dr Abunna received recognition as a semi-finalist during the 3rd Africa-wide Women & Young Professionals in Science competition and has also been selected as a founding fellow of Ethiopian Young Academy of Sciences for his outstanding contribution in sciences. 

Dr Andy Stringer is the founder and principal investigator of the HEAL Group. Dr Stringer has a veterinary degree and PhD in Veterinary Epidemiology from the University of Liverpool. Dr Stringer's PhD focused on evaluating the efficacy of knowledge-transfer interventions for communicating animal health messages to rural farmers in Ethiopia using a large randomised controlled trial. Dr Stringer joined SPANA (a British non-governmental organisation) in 2010 as Director of Veterinary Programmes, where he was responsible for managing SPANA’s global veterinary programmes aimed at improving the health and welfare of working animals. In June 2015, Dr Stringer joined the College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM), North Carolina State University (NCSU) as Clinical Assistant Professor, Director of Global Health Education (CVM) and Director of Global Health Initiatives (NCSU). Dr Stringer also holds a position as an Honorary Lecturer in International Animal Health at the Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool.

The group is coordinated from the College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University (NCSU), with research and programmatic activities conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of the HEAL group activities are based in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is challenged by a range of health issues affecting both humans and animals which impact the livelihoods of millions of people. The human population of Ethiopia is 89.4 million (World Bank, 2011), with 82 percent of the population living in rural areas (World Bank, 2011). Additional data has identified that 30 percent of the population are living below the national poverty line and 44.2 percent of children under the age of five are suffering from stunting (World Bank, 2011).